kapa kulture

This blog is dedicated to Hawaiian kapa and matters related to Hawai'i nei…kuku kapa e!

Archive for the tag “olelo”

Hawaiian Word of the Day: hānai

hānai: 1. Foster child, adopted child; foster, adopted. Keiki hānai, foster child. Lawe hānai, to adopt a child. Makua hānai, foster parent. Kāna hānai, his adopted child. 2. To raise, rear, feed, nourish, sustain; provider, caretaker (said affectionately of chiefs by members of the court). Hānai holoholona, to feed and care for domestic animals. Makamaka hānai, generous and hospitable friend. Hānai ā momona, to fatten. Hānai maila ʻoia iāia meli, he fed him the honey. 3. Body of a kōkō net carrier, and cords attached to it; fish net or trap, as for ʻoʻopu fish; kite.

akua hānai: 1. Spirits, as of a recently dead kinsman, who were fed (hānai) offerings (such as food) and sent out to destroy an enemy. 2. The kauila, nioi, and the ʻohe “poison” woods of Molokaʻi, which were kept by sorcerers in their houses, wrapped in tapa, and to which food offerings were made daily; scraps of these woods were used as poison, and poison itself was sometimes called akua hānai.

hānaiāhuhu: To make a pet of an animal; to care for well, as a pet; cherished plans, pet projects. Eia kekahi mau hānaiāhuhu a ke aupuni, here are some favorite plans of the government.

hanaina: Feeding. Eia mai ka moa i hanaina lā, here is the rooster fed in the sun; the cock fed in the sun was believed strong because of turning his head to avoid heat.

Feeding the Birds, by Joanna Dover

Feeding the Birds, by Joanna Dover

art work by Joanna Dover

Hawaiian Word of the Day: lau

lau: 1. Leaf, frond, leaflet, greens; to leaf out. Lau is sometimes contracted to lā-, as lā’ī, lāʻie, lāʻō. ho’olau. to grow leaves; to leaf out. 2. Dragnet, seine, so called because formerly made of ti leaves (lau) tied to a rope. Hukilau, lauahi, lauʻapoʻapo, laukō. ho’olau. (a) To use a lau. (b) A bundle of grass or ferns set in water to attract shrimps or ʻoʻopu fish; a net was placed under this bundle, and the fish shaken into it. (Proto-Polynesian rau.) 3. Sheet; surface; blade, as of grass. 4. To be much, many; very many, numerous; four-hundred. Lau ā lau nā hōkū o ka lani, hundreds and hundreds of stars in the heaven. Lau lena ka pua o ka māmane, the māmane is yellow with blossoms. ho’olau. To make numerous; to assemble, as of numerous persons or animals; numerous. 5. Pattern, as for quilts; design; print of a cloth. Pāhoehoe lau, brocaded satin. 6. Thatched mountain hut, as used by farmers, canoe-makers, bird catchers. 7. Tip, as of the tongue; top (probably related to wēlau and ʻēlau, tip). Lau make, death-dealing tip, as of a weapon. Moe…i ka lau o ka lihilhi, to doze; lit., sleep by the tip of the eyelash. 8. Sweet-potato slip or vine.


Hawaiian Word of the Day: ‘oia’i’o

‘oia’i’o: True; truth, fact; truly, firmly, certainly, genuine, real, sure, verily, authentic; faithfulness. Nā mea ‘oia’i’o, facts, true items. ‘Oia’i’o, he ‘oia’i’o, verily, verily. ‘Oia’i’o kā ho’i, is that so, so [as in surprise or anger]. hō’oia’i’o. To verify, certify, check, convince, make sure, prove; to acknowledge, as a title; deed, proof, verification. Hō’oia’i’o ‘ana, acknowledgements (Pukui & Elbert, 1971).

Hawaiian Word of the Day: wehi

wehi: 1. Decoration, adornment, ornament; to decorate. ho’owehi. to beautify, decorate, adorn. 2. A song composed as an adornment, a song honoring someone. Ha’ina kou wehi, sing the adornment, your song. 3. Dark (Pukui & Elbert, 1971).

Ka wehi ma kapa

Pā wehi ma kapa

Hawaiian Word of the Day: ku’i ku’i

ku’iku’i: To pound, punch, strike, box, hit, hammer; to beat out, as metals; to churn, as butter; to boom or clap, as thunder; to smite, injure, to jar; to prod, as ‘opihi shells from rocks with a knife, formerly with sharp stones; to clash (as sound).

wauke ku’iku’i: Bast from fully mature wauke that required more beating (ku’iku’i) than younger wauke (wauke ohiohi).

Hawaiian Word of the Day: hapa haole

hapa haole: Part-white person; of part-white blood; part white and part Hawaiian, as an individual or phenomenon. Hula hapa haole, a hula danced to a mele hapa haole (a Hawaiian type of song with English words and perhaps a few Hawaiian words) (Pukui & Elbert, 1971).

I am hapa haole.

I am hapa haole. He hapa haole au.

Hawaiian Word of the Day: hali’a

hali’a: Sudden remembrance, memory, especially of a loved one; fond recollection, premonition; to recall, recollect fondly. Hali’a aloha, cherished or loving memory; to remember fondly. ho’ohali’a. To evoke reminiscence or recollection; remembrance; to remind (Pukui & Elbert, 1971)..

Hawaiian Word of the Day: pō’ulu

pō’ulu: Bark of tender breadfruit shoots, as used for less fine tapa (Pukui & Elbert, 1971).


Hawaiian Word of the Day: maoli

maoli: Native, indigenous, aborigine, genuine, true, real, actual; very, really, truly. Maika’i maoli, very good indeed. Kanaka maoli, ‘ōlelo maoli, Hawaiian native, Hawaiian language [so used in reports of 1852 legislative session]. E puka ai ka makemake maoli o ka mea koho, expressing the free will of the voter.

Hawaiian Word of the Day: ola

ola: Life, health, well-being, living, livelihood, means of support, salvation; alive, living, curable, spared, recovered; healed; to live, to spare, save, heal, grant life, survive, thrive. Ola loa, long life, longevity. Ola ‘ana, life, existence. Mālama ola, financial support, means of livelihood. Nā kālā no ke ola o ka nūpepa, money for the support of the newspaper. ‘O nā lā apau o kona ola ‘ana, all the days of his life. Makamaka ola, a live friendship; a friend who extends hospitality and appreciation. I ola ‘ole nei keiki, this (beloved) child did not survive. Ua loa’a ke kāne a ku’u hānai, a ua ola nā iwi o ke kahu hānai, my foster child has found a husband, and the foster parent will enjoy peace and comfort in life and the body will be preserved after death; lit., the bones will live, i.e., the will not fall into an enemy’s hands. Ola ka inoa, the name lives on, said of a child bearing the name of an ancestor. Ola ka pōloli, hunger is satisfied. Ola ka mō’i i ke Akua, God save the king. E ola au i ke Akua, may God grant me life; so help me God. E ola au īa oe, save me, spare my life. ho.ōla. To save, heal, cure, spare; salvation; healer; savior. Po’e i kū’ai ho’ōla ‘īa, ransomed people.

-ola. ho’ōla: Small piece of tapa; tapa in general (Kaua’i). (Pukui & Elbert, 1971).

Post Navigation